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Endocrine System Intro

The content provides an in-depth exploration of the endocrine system, focusing on the types of hormones, their mechanisms of action, and the distinction between endocrine and exocrine hormones. It also delves into the specific hormones released by the anterior pituitary and their effects on the body, offering crucial insights for understanding hormonal functions and disorders.
  • Different types of hormones include steroid, peptide, and amino acid-derived hormones, each with unique mechanisms of action and receptor binding sites.
  • Endocrine hormones travel through the blood to exert effects throughout the body, whereas exocrine hormones act locally and travel through ducts.
  • Tropic hormones stimulate glands to produce other hormones, playing a critical role in the hormonal cascade.
  • The anterior pituitary releases several key hormones, including FSH, LH, ACTH, TSH, prolactin, and growth hormone, each with specific functions in the body.
  • Conditions such as gigantism and acromegaly are related to excess growth hormone, with distinct characteristics depending on the timing of the hormone excess.
Types of Hormones and Their Mechanisms
Endocrine vs. Exocrine Hormones
Tropic Hormones and Their Functions
Anterior Pituitary Hormones