## Dilutions

Summary
The content provides an in-depth explanation of how to solve dilution problems, focusing on the principle that diluting a solution changes its volume and concentration but not the amount of solute.
• The governing equation for dilutions is M1V1 = M2V2, highlighting that the product of the initial molarity and volume equals the product of the final molarity and volume.
• Solving dilution problems involves calculating the final volume or concentration after adding a solvent, ensuring the total moles of solute remain constant.
• A detailed example demonstrates how to calculate the amount of water needed to dilute a solution to a desired concentration, emphasizing the importance of subtracting the initial volume to find the added volume.
• A more complex problem illustrates the process of combining two solutions of different concentrations and then diluting with water, showcasing the application of the dilution equation to find the final concentration.
• The examples underscore the necessity of fully solving the problem and not stopping prematurely, ensuring the correct interpretation and application of the dilution equation.
Chapters
00:00
Understanding Dilutions
00:58
Basic Dilution Problem
03:14
Complex Dilution Problem